Calibration Standards for Petroleum Products
Last month, top leading industry experts and more than 1,500 senior executives from all over the world gathered in London for three days of seminars, conferences, and roundtables, in this year’s edition of International Petroleum Week.
One crucial topic which is sure to be discussed at this year’s conference pertains to the importance of accurate and precise measurements during the extraction and manufacturing processes. There is a direct link between the accuracy of these measurements and the adherence to calibration standards for petroleum products.
Petroleum and its byproducts are some of the leading sources of energy in the world. However, the extraction and manufacturing processes are not without hazard, which is why the industry is so heavily regulated.
To conform with safety standards, crude oil, petroleum, petroleum byproducts, additives, biofuels, and lubricants are regularly analyzed to determine their elemental content.
The analysis focuses on identifying substances such as chlorine, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and various metals.
The analytical techniques vary, and while some of these methods require little to no calibration, others require an elaborate calibration routine before the elemental content analysis.
The Importance of Petroleum Product Standards
Petroleum standards are necessary to evaluate and assess the physical, mechanical, thermal, rheological, and chemical properties of crude oils, lubricating grease, automobile and aviation fuels, hydrocarbons, and other energy resources used for various industrial applications.
These standards were put in place to ensure the safety of refinery and plant operators, as well as that of the general population. Petroleum products need to undergo routine testing to establish their composition, purity, density, miscibility and compatibility with other fluids and materials, as well as toxicity, and thermal stability.
These petroleum standards allow petroleum refineries, automotive and aviation companies, and other chemical processing plants to appropriately examine and process these fuel oils to ensure their quality towards safe and efficient use.
Adhering to ISO Standards
ISO standards encompass temperature and pressure-volume correction factors, volumetric measurement by displacement meter and turbine flowmeter, hydrometer laboratory determination of density, and measurement of level and temperature in storage tanks, among others.
As expected, all these standards are stringent and regularly monitored by environmental, and other regulatory agencies, which is why measuring instruments and equipment require periodic calibration.
One of the most significant problems the refinery and petrochemical industries face these days is finding an accredited metrology lab continuously follows good laboratory practices and instructions in the test methods and which provides NIST traceability for all their services.
Another issue the industry faces when contracting the services of a calibration lab lies in the range of capabilities the lab has. The range of instruments and standards used in the industry means the calibration laboratory needs to have a wide range of capabilities.
If refineries and petrochemical companies need to send their equipment to different laboratories for calibration, the process becomes unstainable and costly.
Allometrics capabilities make it an excellent option for gulf coast refineries and petrochemical companies. Our proximity, expertise, and competitive pricing, as well as more than 40 years of experience servicing the Petroleum industry, make us the most reliable calibration lab in the area.
For more information on our services, please contact us at (281) 336-8930.